Andragogical Assumptions

As an educator preferring andragogy over pedegogy (though, yes, both are needed!), I have appreciated Malcolm Knowlesassumptions on andragogy.

For some, andragogy has not been well received well assuming adults could not or would not learn by themselves. However, Knowles believed that if you are an adult you should be able to self-learn. Here are some key assumptions by Knowles regarding adults and andragogy:

  1. Adults need to know why they need to learn something before undertaking to learn it.
  2. Adults have a self-concept of being responsible for their own lives.
  3. Adults come into educational activity with both a greater volume and a different quality of experience than youth.
  4. Adults become ready to learn those things they need to know to cope effectively with their real-life situations.
  5. On contrast to children’s and youth’s subject-centered (school) orientations to learning, adults are life-centered (task or problem-solving) in their orientation to learning.
  6. While adults are responsive to some extrinsic motivators, the more potent motivators are intrinsic.

The question is how far we are willing to allow true andragogy…allowing adults to create their own theological discourse versus our own…


~ by Dave Smith on September 13, 2008.

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